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    This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the concentration of the by-products of chlorination in the swimming pool and estimate human health risk for the swimmers of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. In this study, the chloroform concentrations of 16 samples were measured using Gas Chromatography (GC). All the measured concentrations were less than the allowed amount announced by the World Health Organization (WHO). The results of the cancer risk (CR) and hazard index (HI) showed that the major exposure routes were found to be dermal during swimming and the 95 percentile of estimated CR and HI for the male group were 1.38 × 10-10 and 1.82 × 10-5 respectively, which is higher than the values of 5.48 × 10-10 and 2.25 × 10-5 respectively, for the women group. Sensitivity analyses indicated that the swimming exposure time (ET), and chloroform concentration were the most relevant variables in the health risk model. Therefore, knowledge about the sources of micro-pollutants in swimming pools might help promote the health methods of the pool environment. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Mansooreh Dehghani, Samaneh Shahsavani, Amin Mohammadpour, Arian Jafarian, Sara Arjmand, Mohammad Amin Rasekhi, Samaneh Dehghani, Foroozandeh Zaravar, Zahra Derakhshan, Margherita Ferrante, Gea Oliveri Conti. Determination of chloroform concentration and human exposure assessment in the swimming pool. Environmental research. 2022 Jan;203:111883

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    PMID: 34391733

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