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    The conversion of cytidines to uridines (C-to-U) at specific sites in mitochondrial and plastid transcripts is a post-transcriptional processing event that is important to the expression of organellar genes. Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins are involved in this process. In this study, we report the function of a previously uncharacterized PPR-DYW protein, Empty pericarp17 (EMP17), in the C-to-U editing and kernel development in maize. EMP17 is targeted to mitochondria. The loss-function of EMP17 arrests maize kernel development, abolishes the editing at ccmF C -799 and nad2-677 sites, and reduces the editing at ccmF C -906 and -966 sites. The absence of editing causes amino acid residue changes in CcmFC-267 (Ser to Pro) and Nad2-226 (Phe to Ser), respectively. As CcmFC functions in cytochrome c (Cytc) maturation, the amount of Cytc and Cytc 1 protein is drastically reduced in emp17, suggesting that the CcmFC-267 (Ser to Pro) change impairs the CcmFC function. As a result, the assembly of complex III is strikingly decreased in emp17. In contrast, the assembly of complex I appears less affected, suggesting that the Nad2-226 (Phe to Ser) change may have less impact on Nad2 function. Together, these results indicate that EMP17 is required for the C-to-U editing at several sites in mitochondrial transcripts, complex III biogenesis, and seed development in maize. Copyright © 2021 Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, Yang, Sayyed, Sun, Gu, Wang and Tan.


    Yong Wang, Xin-Yuan Liu, Zi-Qin Huang, Yan-Yan Li, Yan-Zhuo Yang, Aqib Sayyed, Feng Sun, Zhi-Qun Gu, Xiaomin Wang, Bao-Cai Tan. PPR-DYW Protein EMP17 Is Required for Mitochondrial RNA Editing, Complex III Biogenesis, and Seed Development in Maize. Frontiers in plant science. 2021;12:693272

    PMID: 34394147

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