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Fibrinogen (Fg) self-assembly is sensitive to the physicochemical properties of an environment like pH and ionic strength. These parameters tune the direction and strength of noncovalent physical driving forces determining protein intermolecular interactions. The attraction-repulsion balance in intermolecular interactions of the multidomain protein Fg at pH values 3.5, 7.4, and 9.5 and varying ionic strengths of the water medium has been analyzed by the complex diffusive approach, proposed by us previously. The concentration dependence of protein collective diffusion was analyzed within the phenomenological approach, based on the frictional formalism of nonequilibrium thermodynamics proposed by H. Vink. The analysis of protein diffusion data has shown the fundamental difference in the physical nature and direction of interaction forces between protein molecules at different conditions. The paired interaction potential of protein molecules was characterized in terms of second virial coefficients and Hamaker constants within the Deryaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory and the "porous" colloid particle model. Our results indicated the maximum Hamaker constant and dominance of the van der Waals attraction between Fg molecules at pH 7.4. The increase in pH up to 9.5 results in the zero values of the second virial coefficient and Hamaker constant, corresponding to the full reciprocal compensation for electrostatic repulsion and van der Waals attraction. In the acidic medium (pH 3.5), the strong electrostatic repulsion substantially exceeds the van der Waals attraction. A high ionic strength is characterized by a significant decrease of all intermolecular interactions, which is expressed in almost zero values of virial coefficients and the Hamaker constant. Thus, it is experimentally shown that the physiological conditions of the Fg environment (pH 7.4 and slight ionic strength) provide a high probability for peak physical attraction between fibrinogen molecules, which is used in nature to facilitate blood clotting.

Citation

Aleksandra M Kusova, Aleksandr E Sitnitsky, Yuriy F Zuev. The Role of pH and Ionic Strength in the Attraction-Repulsion Balance of Fibrinogen Interactions. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids. 2021 Aug 31;37(34):10394-10401

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PMID: 34403253

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