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Human coagulation factor IX (FIX) is a vitamin K dependent glycoprotein. It is used in therapy of factor IX deficiency, known as haemophilia B. This article explained the coagulation process involved in FIX and the principle of haemophilia B caused by its absence. We searched and aligned the sequence information of IX in the NCBI's EST database to predict its structure and understand the molecular biological basis of its function. Further, by sorting out the development history of FIX, we summarized the general process of its isolation and purification. Finally, the clinical indications and complications of FIX were overviewed. Through a comprehensive description of the characteristics of FIX, we hope to give readers a clear understanding and put forward our views on the future development of the product. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Ru Yin, Chen Liu. Human coagulation factor IX: a systematic review of its characteristics. Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis. 2022 Jan 01;33(1):1-7

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PMID: 34412085

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