Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • alleles (1)
  • bones (8)
  • element (2)
  • humans (1)
  • petrous bones (8)
  • promega (2)
  • second world war (6)
  • signals (1)
  • skeletal (12)
  • slovenia (1)
  • world war ii (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    DNA yield and STR typing success differ among skeletal element types and within individual bones. Consequently, it is necessary to identify the skeletal elements and their intra-skeletal parts that will most likely yield utilizable and informative endogenous DNA for human identification of skeletal remains. The petrous portion of the temporal bone has been shown to be the most suitable skeletal part for sampling archaeological skeletons, and it has also been used successfully in some forensic cases. When all representative bone types were analyzed for three complete Second World War skeletons, metatarsals and metacarpals yielded more DNA than petrous bones (which generated full profiles even if the DNA yield was lower) and, among almost 200 Second World War metatarsals and metacarpals analyzed, metacarpals III were found to be the highest-yielding bones. To further improve the sampling strategy in DNA analysis of aged skeletal remains, a comparison between 26 petrous bones and 30 metacarpals III from Second World War skeletons was made considering intra-bone DNA yield variability. In metacarpals III only epiphyses were sampled, and in petrous bones only the dense part within the otic capsule was used. To exclude the influence of taphonomic issues as much as possible, petrous bones and metacarpals III from a single Second World War mass grave were examined. The difference between petrous bones and metacarpals III was explored by measuring nuclear DNA yield and success of STR typing. After cleaning the samples, full demineralization extraction was used to decalcify 0.5 g of powdered bone. PowerQuant (Promega) was used to determine DNA content and DNA degradation rates, and STR typing was performed using the PowerPlex ESI 17 Fast System (Promega). Metacarpals III produced the same DNA yields and STR typing success as petrous bones with no intra-individual difference observed in concentration of DNA, degradation rate, percentage of successfully amplified alleles, and intensity of electrophoretic signals. Sampling and processing of metacarpal III epiphyses is consequently recommended for genetic identification of highly degraded skeletal remains in routine forensic casework and in buried non-commingled aged skeletal remains whenever metacarpals III are preserved. Metacarpals III are easy to sample and less prone to contamination with modern DNA because no saw is needed for sampling in comparison to the petrous portion of the temporal bone. The data obtained in this study further improve the sampling strategy for genetic identification of Second World War skeletal remains in Slovenia. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Irena Zupanič Pajnič, Jezerka Inkret, Tomaž Zupanc, Eva Podovšovnik. Comparison of nuclear DNA yield and STR typing success in Second World War petrous bones and metacarpals III. Forensic science international. Genetics. 2021 Nov;55:102578

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34425360

    View Full Text