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The influence of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) on metabolism of bone and cartilage expressing β-adrenergic receptors (AR) was suggested. Here, we investigated whether the SNS functions as a modulator of cartilage metabolism induced by interleukin-1beta (IL-1β). Human articular chondrocytes and articular cartilage were collected from patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Chondrocyte monolayer and cartilage explant culture were stimulated with IL-1β. The activity of β-ARs was modulated by an agonist, norepinephrine (NE), and antagonists, including propranolol, atenolol, nebivolol, and nadolol. The levels of β1-, β2-, and β3-AR in OA cartilage and IL-1β-treated chondrocytes were lower than normal cartilage and untreated cells. Treatment of chondrocytes with IL-1β and β-blockers, including propranolol, atenolol, nebivolol, and nadolol, for 6 h significantly upregulated IL-1β-induced expression of MMP-1, -3, and - 13, compared to chondrocytes treated with IL-1β alone, indicating that antagonism of β-AR confers catabolic signals. On the other hand, NE antagonized IL-1β-induced catabolic response. In addition, NE significantly inhibited IL-1β-induced release of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) from cartilage explant culture. In addition, β-AR activity significantly affected IL-1β-stimulated phosphorylation of JNK and ERK. These results indicate that β-AR signal is associated with cartilage metabolism. Our findings showed that β-ARs is a regulator of cartilage catabolism induced with IL-1β. © 2021. The Author(s).

Citation

Hyun Sook Hwang, Mi Hyun Lee, Dong Jin Go, Hyun Ah Kim. Norepinephrine modulates IL-1β-induced catabolic response of human chondrocytes. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2021 Aug 23;22(1):724

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PMID: 34425806

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