Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • amphibians (2)
  • bacteria (3)
  • boreas (5)
  • california (1)
  • chytridiomycota (1)
  • forest (4)
  • humans (1)
  • mexico (2)
  • pinus (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The skin microbiome in amphibians has gained a lot of attention as some of its members play a protective role against pathogens such as the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). The composition of skin bacterial communities has been suggested as one of the factors explaining differences in susceptibility to Bd among amphibian species and populations. The boreal toad Anaxyrus boreas is known to be susceptible to Bd, and severe population declines in its southeastern range have been documented. However, throughout A. boreas distribution, populations present differences in susceptibility to Bd infections which may be associated with differences in skin microbial diversity. This study compared the skin bacterial diversity and Bd infection levels of A. boreas in one desert population and one pine forest population from Baja California, Mexico. We found that desert and pine forest toad populations exhibit differences in skin bacterial community structure but show similar Bd infection levels. Using a predictive method, we found that the abundance of bacteria with potential Bd-inhibitory properties differed between uninfected and infected individuals but not between populations. Our data suggest that several bacteria in the skin community may be offering protection from Bd infections in these A. boreas populations. This study provides foundational evidence for future studies seeking to understand the skin-microbial variation among boreal toads' populations and its relation with Bd susceptibility. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    M Delia Basanta, Eria A Rebollar, Mirna G García-Castillo, Gabriela Parra Olea. Comparative Analysis of Skin Bacterial Diversity and Its Potential Antifungal Function Between Desert and Pine Forest Populations of Boreal Toads Anaxyrus boreas. Microbial ecology. 2022 Jul;84(1):257-266

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34427721

    View Full Text