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    Faithful chromosome segregation maintains chromosomal stability as errors in this process contribute to chromosomal instability (CIN), which has been observed in many diseases including cancer. Epigenetic regulation of kinetochore proteins such as Cse4 (CENP-A in humans) plays a critical role in high-fidelity chromosome segregation. Here we show that Cse4 is a substrate of evolutionarily conserved Cdc7 kinase, and that Cdc7-mediated phosphorylation of Cse4 prevents CIN. We determined that Cdc7 phosphorylates Cse4 in vitro and interacts with Cse4 in vivo in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Cdc7 is required for kinetochore integrity as reduced levels of CEN-associated Cse4, a faster exchange of Cse4 at the metaphase kinetochores, and defects in chromosome segregation, are observed in a cdc7-7 strain. Phosphorylation of Cse4 by Cdc7 is important for cell survival as constitutive association of a kinase-dead variant of Cdc7 (cdc7-kd) with Cse4 at the kinetochore leads to growth defects. Moreover, phospho-deficient mutations of Cse4 for consensus Cdc7 target sites contribute to CIN phenotype. In summary, our results have defined a role for Cdc7-mediated phosphorylation of Cse4 in faithful chromosome segregation.

    Citation

    Prashant K Mishra, Henry Wood, John Stanton, Wei-Chun Au, Jessica R Eisenstatt, Lars Boeckmann, Robert A Sclafani, Michael Weinreich, Kerry S Bloom, Peter H Thorpe, Munira A Basrai. Cdc7-mediated phosphorylation of Cse4 regulates high-fidelity chromosome segregation in budding yeast. Molecular biology of the cell. 2021 Nov 01;32(21):ar15

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    PMID: 34432494

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