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Dedicator-of-cytokinesis (DOCK), a family of guanine-nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), comprises four subfamilies, named from A to D. DOCK-D comprises DOCK9, DOCK10, and DOCK11. The GEF activity involves translocation from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane (PM), as assessed by the transfection of tagged proteins. However, the cellular localization of endogenous DOCK proteins is poorly understood. In this paper, to gain a better understanding of the role of the DOCK-D proteins, we studied their distribution between cytosol and nucleoplasm in 11 cell lines. DOCK-D proteins were distributed with variable cytosolic or nuclear predominance, although the latter was common for DOCK9 and DOCK11. These results suggest that the DOCK-D proteins may perform new nuclear functions, which remain to be discovered. Furthermore, we found that DOCK10 levels are increased by interleukin-4 (IL-4) in B-cell lymphoid neoplasms other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) such as mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We also found evidence for an induction of the cytosolic levels of DOCK10 by IL-4 in CLL. Finally, we obtained a valid DOCK10 antiserum for immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy that, as an antibody against the hemagglutinin (HA) tag, marked PM ruffles and filopodia in HeLa cells with inducible expression of HA-DOCK10.


Natalia Ruiz-Lafuente, Alfredo Minguela, Jose M Moraleda, Manuel Muro, Antonio Parrado. Variable Distribution of DOCK-D Proteins between Cytosol and Nucleoplasm in Cell Lines, Effect of Interleukin-4 on DOCK10 in B-Cell Lymphoid Neoplasms, and Validation of a New DOCK10 Antiserum for Immunofluorescence Studies. Antibodies (Basel, Switzerland). 2021 Aug 20;10(3)

PMID: 34449554

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