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    To avoid CO2 pneumoperitoneum-associated cardiopulmonary side-effects during conventional laparoscopic surgeries, we have developed a gasless laparoscopic operation field formation (LOFF) device for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery. The aim of this study is to analyze the safety and efficacy of the LOFF device for laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy and to verify its advantage of avoiding CO2 pneumoperitoneum-associated complications. In this prospective, randomized, observer-blinded clinical trial, eligible participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to undergo either conventional CO2 pneumoperitoneum assisted laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy (LESS) or the new gasless LOFF device assisted laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy (LOFF-LESS). Outcomes including intra-operative respiratory and hemodynamic parameters, operation time, conversion rate, complication rate, et al were compared between the two groups. A total of 100 patients were randomized to the LESS group [n = 50; mean (SD) age, 49.5 (13.9) years; 24 (48.0%) women] and the LOFF-LESS group [n = 50, mean (SD) age, 47.4 (13.3) years; 27 (54.0%) women]. Compared with the LOFF-LESS group, the LESS group witnessed significant fluctuations in intra-operative respiratory and hemodynamic parameters. The tracheal extubation time of the LESS group was significantly longer (P = 0.001). The gasless LOFF device is safe and feasible for simple laparoscopic cholecystectomy and has a predominance of avoiding CO2 pneumoperitoneum-associated cardiopulmonary side-effects. Trial registration number: ChiCTR2000033702. © 2021. The Author(s).


    Min Jiang, Gang Zhao, Anhua Huang, Kai Zhang, Bo Wang, Zhaoyan Jiang, Kan Ding, Hai Hu. Comparison of a new gasless method and the conventional CO2 pneumoperitoneum method in laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized clinical trial. Updates in surgery. 2021 Dec;73(6):2231-2238

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    PMID: 34463946

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