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    The aim of this article is to study the functional features of Penicillium oxalicum transcriptional activator XlnR. The yeast reporter system was used to identify transcriptional activation domain of XlnR in P. oxalicum. The expression cassette was introduced into the xlnR locus of P. oxalicum by homologous recombination. In this study, several putative structural domains in P. oxalicum XlnR were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and the transcriptional activation domain (351-694 region) was identified in XlnR relying on reporter gene system in yeast. In addition, the amino acid at XlnR 871 site (alanine) located in the regulatory region could influence the regulatory activity of XlnR directly. When the alanine at XlnR 871 site was replaced by stronger hydrophobic amino acid (e.g. valine or isoleucine), the regulatory activity will be greatly improved, especially for the regulation of hemicellulase genes expression. When alanine at XlnR 871 site was mutated to a hydrophilic amino acid (e.g. aspartic acid or arginine), the regulatory activity of XlnR will be reduced. The 351-694 region of P. oxalicum XlnR was identified as transcriptional activation domain, and the regulatory activity of XlnR was greatly influenced by hydrophobicity of amino acid at 871 site of XlnR in P. oxalicum. The results will provide an effective target site to regulate the activity of XlnR and improve cellulase production of P. oxalicum. © 2021 Society for Applied Microbiology.


    Chengqiang Xia, Liwei Gao, Zhonghai Li, Guodong Liu, Xin Song. Functional analysis of the transcriptional activator XlnR of Penicillium oxalicum. Journal of applied microbiology. 2022 Feb;132(2):1112-1120

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    PMID: 34467597

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