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Two oxidative degradation impurities of sugammadex sodium have been successfully synthesized under stress conditions and isolated by preparative high performance liquid chromatography, which would be extremely difficult to prepare stochiometrically by conventional methods due to their structural complexity. Characteristic fragmentation pattern observed by mass spectrometry for sugammadex series compounds helped distinguish the two regioisomeric di-sulfoxide impurities. Confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis, Impurity I was identified as ortho-disulfoxide sugammadex and Impurity II as meta-disulfoxide sugammadex. It is the first time detailed structures of these two impurities are reported. Additionally, HPLC analysis also indicated the observance of these two impurities in long-term stored sugammadex sodium finished pharmaceutical product but absence in three pilot batches of sugammadex sodium drug substance which met ICH requirements. The compounded analysis technique has proven to be successful and reliable, and we hope that it could be well applied to structure identification for other sugammadex impurities and will be beneficial for other researchers focusing on this field. Copyright © 2021 American Pharmacists Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhongqing Wang, Lijun Li, Libo Xin, Shuming Wu, Yuting Liu, Shouzhu Liao, Peili Ma, Jiaxiang Sun, Liang Huang. Special Application of ms/ms Method on Determination of Regiochemistry of Sugammadex Series Compounds: Synthesis, Isolation and Structural Characterization for Two Potential Oxidative Impurities in Sugammadex Sodium Finished Pharmaceutical Product. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 2022 Feb;111(2):306-313

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PMID: 34469750

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