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    Mothers living with HIV (MLH) face unique challenges that may compound parenting stress and impede effective parenting practices. Among the general population, research has demonstrated bidirectional longitudinal relations between parenting stress and parenting practices; yet, despite the additional stressors faced by MLH, these processes have not been examined longitudinally in this population. Utilizing the process model of parenting, the present study examined the longitudinal relations between parenting stress and parental involvement among a sample of MLH with children aged 6-14 years (N = 174). MLH completed self-report measures on their parenting stress and parental involvement at four timepoints spanning 15 months. Latent change score modeling was employed to examine how changes in parenting stress and changes in parental involvement were related across time. Results revealed that increases in parenting stress-specifically distress within the parental role-predicted subsequent decreases in parental involvement. The effects were unidirectional; parental involvement did not predict subsequent changes in parenting stress. Other aspects of parenting stress (perceptions of dysfunctional parent-child interactions and perceptions of the child's temperament as difficult) did not have significant longitudinal associations with changes in parental involvement. Results highlight the central role of parenting stress for MLH as a potential driving factor of parenting quality. Beyond supporting the use of effective parenting skills, clinical prevention and intervention efforts with families affected by HIV should also incorporate stress reduction techniques to increase MLH's capacity for active parental involvement and thereby support positive outcomes for their children. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


    Nada M Goodrum, Jamee Carroll, Isabella Dubrow, Lisa P Armistead, Katherine Masyn, Marya Schulte, Debra A Murphy. Parenting stress predicts longitudinal change in parental involvement among mothers living with HIV. Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43). 2022 Aug;36(5):725-735

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    PMID: 34472939

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