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To compare and validate umbilical venous flow volume (UVFV) measured at the intra-abdominal portion using ultrasound with actual flow volume of umbilical vein (UV) in fetal sheep sustained on the EXTrauterine Environment for Neonatal Development (EXTEND) system. Circuit flow volume through the oxygenator was obtained using sensors. Ultrasound derived UVFV (ml/min) was calculated as (UV diameter [cm]/2)2 × 3.14 × maximum velocity (cm/s) × 0.5 × 60, measured at approximately the mid portion between its abdominal insertion and the origin of the ductus venosus. UVFV was measured by ultrasound once daily and was compared to the average of daily circuit flow volume directly measured. UVFV was measured 168 times in 15 fetal sheep. The ratio of circuit flow volume to combined cardiac output remained stable within the anticipated physiological range throughout. UVFV measured by ultrasound showed good correlation to directly measured circuit flow (r = 0.72). Interclass correlation coefficients for intra-observer variability was 0.991 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.979-0.996). UVFV measured at the intra-abdominal portion using ultrasound shows a good correlation with directly measured circuit flow volume in UV of fetal sheep on the EXTEND system. Regular incorporation of such validated UVFV measures into clinical use may offer opportunities to better understand conditions of placental dysfunction. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Katsusuke Ozawa, Marcus G Davey, Zhiyun Tian, Matthew A Hornick, Ali Y Mejaddam, Patrick E McGovern, Alan W Flake, Jack Rychik. Evaluation of umbilical venous flow volume measured using ultrasound compared to circuit flow volume in the EXTra-uterine Environment for Neonatal Development (EXTEND) system in fetal sheep. Prenatal diagnosis. 2021 Sep 03

PMID: 34480376

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