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Plastics pollution is an emerging environmental problem and nanoplastics (NPs) toxicity has received great concern. This study investigated whether early developmental exposure to polystyrene NPs influence the circadian rhythms and the possible underlying mechanisms in C. elegans. We show that early developmental NPs exposure disturbs circadian rhythms in C. elegans and ASH neurons and G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK-2) are involved in the level of chemotaxis response. A higher bioconcentration factor in entrained worms was observed, suggesting that circadian interference results in increased NPs bioaccumulation in C. elegans. In addition, we show that reactive oxygen species produced by NPs exposure and peroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX-2) are related to the disturbed circadian rhythms. We further show that the NPs-induced circadian rhythms disruption is associated with stress resistance decline and modulated by transcription DAF-16/FOXO signaling. Because circadian rhythms are found in most living organisms and the fact that DAF-16 and PRDX-2 are evolutionarily conserved, our findings suggest a possible negative impact of NPs on circadian rhythms and stress resistance in higher organisms including humans. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Chan-Wei Yu, Yi-Chun Wu, Vivian Hsiu-Chuan Liao. Early developmental nanoplastics exposure disturbs circadian rhythms associated with stress resistance decline and modulated by DAF-16 and PRDX-2 in C. elegans. Journal of hazardous materials. 2022 Feb 05;423(Pt A):127091

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PMID: 34488090

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