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    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by generation of autoantibodies and severe damage of various organs. The hormonal changes associated with pregnancy and especially estrogen might lead to damage of reproductive function and ovarian quality. We employed a pristane-induced lupus model of Balb/c mice which resembles human lupus in an attempt to follow oogenesis disruption during the disease progression. The integrity of cytoskeletal and chromatin structures was estimated in oocytes derived by hormonally stimulated ovulation in lupus mice and the results were compared with those from healthy mice. Chromatin, tubulin and actin structures in oocytes were detected by Hoechst 33258, anti-alpha-tubulin antibody and rhodamine-labeled phalloidin, respectively. All available meiotic spindles were analyzed - in immature (metaphase I) and mature oocytes (metaphase II). The total number of mature oocytes obtained from lupus mice was lower compared to healthy controls. The maturation rate was 9.8 % for lupus mice, 12.7 % for 7-month old controls, and 14.3 % for the young control mice (4 weeks old). Another major difference between the studied groups was the higher percentage of defective metaphase I spindles registered in oocytes derived from lupus mice (60 % normal spindles), while for the young and older controls this proportion was 86 % and 81 %, respectively. No such difference was registered for metaphase II spindles. For both metaphase I and metaphase II oocytes, the proportions of normal actin cap and chromosomal condensation were similar between the experimental groups. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Stefka M Delimitreva, Gabriela V Boneva, Irina V Chakarova, Valentina P Hadzhinesheva, Ralitsa S Zhivkova, Maya D Markova, Venera P Nikolova, Anton I Kolarov, Nikola J Mladenov, Silviya L Bradyanova, Andrey I Tchorbanov. Defective oogenesis in mice with pristane-induced model of systemic lupus. Journal of reproductive immunology. 2021 Nov;148:103370

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    PMID: 34492566

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