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    Digit ratio (2D:4D), a putative marker of prenatal testosterone, is a negative correlate of sports, athletic, and fitness performance. To describe the relationship between 2D:4D and vertical jump performance in athletes. Sixty-one Division I American Football players from a Midwestern U.S. university had their 2D:4D measured digitally and their vertical jump performance measured using jump mechanography. The primary outcome was jump height, with secondary outcomes depicting jump execution also recorded. Linear relationships between 2D:4D and vertical jump performance were quantified using partial correlations adjusted for age, height, mass, and ethnicity. 2D:4D was a statistically significant weak negative correlate of jump height (partial r [95% confidence interval]: -0.26 [-0.48, -0.01]), indicating that athletes with lower 2D:4Ds (i.e., relatively longer 4th digits) jumped higher. Relationships with jump execution variables were negligible to weak and negative, but not statistically significant. The significant relationship between 2D:4D and jump height probably reflects both the long-term organizational and short-term activational benefits of testosterone. Therefore, 2D:4D may be a useful indicator of explosive strength among young athletes. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Jacob W Disterhaupt, John S Fitzgerald, Jesse L Rhoades, Grant R Tomkinson. The relationship between the digit ratio (2D:4D) and vertical jump performance in young athletes. American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council. 2022 Mar;34(3):e23679

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    PMID: 34499783

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