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An unmet clinical need in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) management is the accurate prediction of radiation response in patients receiving radical radiation therapy. We explored the intrinsic radiosensitivity of NSCLC from the proteomic profiles of NSCLC cell lines and paraffin-embedded human samples. To uncover radiosensitivity-specific proteomic and signaling pathways, we performed quantitative proteomics by data-independent acquisition mass spectrometry assay on 29 human NSCLC cell lines and 13 paraffin-embedded human NSCLC samples. We validated closely interacting radioresistant proteins by western blotting, immunofluorescence, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in NSCLC cell lines, and immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded human samples. We validated the functions of 3 key hub proteins by lentivirus transfection, clonogenic survival assay, and flow cytometry. The proteomic profiling of NSCLC showed that the intrinsic radiosensitivity of NSCLC is mainly modulated by signaling pathways of proteoglycans in cancer, focal adhesion, and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. We identified 71 differentially expressed proteins and validated 8 closely interacting proteins as radioresistant proteins of NSCLC. Moreover, we also validated the functionality of integrin-linked protein kinase, p21-activated kinase 1, and Ras GTPase-activating-like protein IQGAP1 in the radiation response of NSCLC cell lines. Finally, with the NSCLC radiosensitivity-specific proteins, we delineated the atlas network of NSCLC radiosensitivity-related signaling pathways. Radiosensitivity-specific proteins could guide individualized radiation therapy in clinical practice by predicting the radiation response of patients with NSCLC. Moreover, the NSCLC radiosensitivity-related signaling pathway atlas could guide further exploration of the underlying mechanism. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Xueru Zhu, Yiting Wang, Chang Jiang, Xiaoyang Li, Linying Sun, Guangzhong Wang, Xiaolong Fu. Radiosensitivity-Specific Proteomic and Signaling Pathway Network of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics. 2022 Feb 01;112(2):529-541

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PMID: 34506873

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