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    Microbial-mediated transformation of anthropogenic Cd2+ controls its distribution, bioavailability, and potential risks. However, the processes readily form CdS nanoparticles (CdS-NPs), which exhibit dissolution behavior different from that of larger sized particles. Here, we investigated the effects of morphologies and facets of CdS-NPs on their photoinduced dissolution. Three CdS-NPs, CdS-sphere, CdS-rod, and CdS-sheet, and one nanosized biogenic CdS (Bio-CdS) were synthesized with different dominant facets of {101}, {100}, {001}, and {111} and thus distinct surface chemistry. As explored by HRTEM, EPR, and DFT calculations, photogenerated e-/h+ pairs were more likely to generate on CdS-sheet surfaces due to higher surface energies and a narrower band gap, facilitating the formation of •OH and thereby faster dissolution (kobs = 6.126-6.261 × 10-2 h-1). The wider band gaps of CdS-sphere and CdS-rod caused less formation of O2•- and •OH, leading to slower oxidative dissolutions (kobs = 0.090-0.123 and 2.174-3.038 × 10-2 h-1, respectively). Given the similar surface energy as that of CdS-sheet, the dissolution rate of Bio-CdS was close to that of CdS-rod and CdS-sheet, which was 1.6-3.5 times faster than that of larger sized CdS, posing higher environmental risks than thought. Altogether, this work revealed the facet effects on the dissolution of CdS-NPs, manifesting a deeper understanding of metal sulfides' environmental behaviors.


    Meiying Huang, Cun Liu, Peixin Cui, Tongliang Wu, Xionghan Feng, Hui Huang, Jing Zhou, Yujun Wang. Facet-Dependent Photoinduced Transformation of Cadmium Sulfide (CdS) Nanoparticles. Environmental science & technology. 2021 Oct 05;55(19):13132-13141

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    PMID: 34519482

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