Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

filter terms:
  • rapid (8)
  • solutions (10)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The novel particle generation processes of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)/drug have been extensively explored in recent decades due to their wide-range applications in the pharmaceutical industry. The Rapid Expansion of Supercritical Solutions (RESS) is one of the promising techniques to obtain the fine particles (micro to nano-size) of APIs with narrow particle size distribution (PSD). In RESS, supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO2) and API are used as solvent and solute respectively. In this literature survey, the application of RESS in the formation of fine particles is critically reviewed. Solubility of API in SC CO2 and supersaturation are the key factors in tuning the particle size. The different approaches to model and predict the solubility of API in SC CO2 are discussed. Then, the effect of process parameters on mean particle size and the particle size distribution are interpreted in the context of solubility and supersaturation. Furthermore, the less-explored applications of RESS in preparation of solid-lipid nanoparticles, liposome, polymorphic conversion, cocrystallization and inclusion complexation are compared with traditional processes. The solubility enhancement of API in SC CO2 using co-solvent and its applications in particle generation are explored in published literature. The development and modifications in the conventional RESS process to overcome the limitations of RESS are presented. Finally, the perspective on RESS with special attention to its commercial operation is highlighted. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Rahul Kumar, Amit K Thakur, Nilanjana Banerjee, Pranava Chaudhari. A critical review on the particle generation and other applications of rapid expansion of supercritical solution. International journal of pharmaceutics. 2021 Oct 25;608:121089

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34530097

    View Full Text