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Mycobacterium tuberculosis dethiobiotin synthase (MtDTBS) is a crucial enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of biotin in the causative agent of tuberculosis, M. tuberculosis. Here, we report a binder of MtDTBS, cyclopentylacetic acid 2 (KD = 3.4 ± 0.4 mM), identified via in silico screening. X-ray crystallography showed that 2 binds in the 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA) pocket of MtDTBS. Appending an acidic group to the para-position of the aromatic ring of the scaffold revealed compounds 4c and 4d as more potent binders, with KD = 19 ± 5 and 17 ± 1 μM, respectively. Further optimization identified tetrazole 7a as a particularly potent binder (KD = 57 ± 5 nM) and inhibitor (Ki = 5 ± 1 μM) of MtDTBS. Our findings highlight the first reported inhibitors of MtDTBS and serve as a platform for the further development of potent inhibitors and novel therapeutics for the treatment of tuberculosis.


Nicholas C Schumann, Kwang Jun Lee, Andrew P Thompson, Wanisa Salaemae, Jordan L Pederick, Thomas Avery, Birgit I Gaiser, James Hodgkinson-Bean, Grant W Booker, Steven W Polyak, John B Bruning, Kate L Wegener, Andrew D Abell. Inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Dethiobiotin Synthase (MtDTBS): Toward Next-Generation Antituberculosis Agents. ACS chemical biology. 2021 Nov 19;16(11):2339-2347

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PMID: 34533923

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