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The nuclear envelope (NE) is a protective barrier to the genome, yet its membranes undergo highly dynamic remodeling processes that are necessary for cell growth and maintenance. While mechanisms by which proteins promote NE remodeling are emerging, the types of bilayer lipids and the lipid-protein interactions that define and sculpt nuclear membranes remain elusive. The NE is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and recent evidence suggests that lipids produced in the ER are harnessed to remodel nuclear membranes. In this review, we examine new roles for lipid species made proximally within the ER and locally at the NE to control NE dynamics. We further explore how the biosynthesis of lipids coordinates NE remodeling to ensure genome protection. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Sarah R Barger, Lauren Penfield, Shirin Bahmanyar. Coupling lipid synthesis with nuclear envelope remodeling. Trends in biochemical sciences. 2022 Jan;47(1):52-65

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PMID: 34556392

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