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    Microalgae have the potential to utilize the nutrients in livestock urine and manure (LUM) for the production of useful biomass, which can be used as a source of bioindustry. This study aims to evaluate the economic benefits of LUM feedstock that have not been clearly discussed before. Two types of photobioreactors were designed with a capacity of 200 m3 d-1. Using the experimental data, the economic feasibility of the suggested processes was evaluated via techno-economic analysis. Itemized cost estimation indicated that the submerged membrane photobioreactor has a lower unit production cost (5.4 $ to 5.1 $ kg-1) than the conventional photobioreactor system (14.6 $ to 13.8 $ kg-1). In addition, LUM-based growth is another good option for reducing the unit production cost of biomass. The revenues from lowering the cost of LUM treatment significantly contribute to enhancing the economic profitability, where the break-even prices were 1.18 $ m-3 (photobioreactor) and 0.98 $ m-3 (submerged membrane photobioreactor). Finally, this study provides several emerging suggestions to reduce microalgal biomass production costs. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Jae-Cheol Lee, Boreum Lee, Hyun-Woo Kim, Byong-Hun Jeon, Hankwon Lim. Techno-economic analysis of livestock urine and manure as a microalgal growth medium. Waste management (New York, N.Y.). 2021 Nov;135:276-286

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    PMID: 34560510

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