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Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a medicinal plant that is traditionally used in Indian, Chinese, Malay, Thai, and Oriental system of medicines to treat various disorders. AP consists of andrographolide (AD), 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (DDAD), and neoandrographolide (NAD) as major diterpene lactones which has extremely bitter properties; therefore, AP is commonly called "King of bitters." AD, DDAD, and NAD are reported to possess therapeutic values such as antioxidant, immunostimulatory, hepatoprotective, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatoidal, anti-malarial, anti-leishmanial, anti-fertility, anti-obesity, antipyretic, and antimicrobial attributes. According to the Indian Pharmacopoeia, the leaves and tender shoots of AP yield up to 1%, 0.16%, and 0.11% of AD, DDAD, and NAD, respectively, on a dry-weight basis. However, variability in the accumulation of AD, DDAD, and NAD in plants has been reported with respect to species, genotype, season, phenological stage, plant part used, and geography of a region of cultivation. Therefore, cell and tissue culture systems especially cell, shoot, and adventitious root cultures are explored as alternatives for constant and higher production of AD, DDAD, and NAD. This review explores the prospects of exploiting the plant cell and tissue culture systems for the controlled production of AD, DDAD, and NAD. Various strategies such as elicitation by using biological and chemical elicitors are explored for the enhancement of accumulation of AD, DDAD, and NAD in cell and organ cultures. KEY POINTS: • This review explores the possibilities of diterpene lactone production from cell and organ cultures. • Various strategies are explored for the enhanced accumulation of AD, DDAD, and NAD in cell and organ cultures. • Prospects of diterpene lactone production are highlighted. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy, Dayanand Dalawai. Biotechnological production of diterpenoid lactones from cell and organ cultures of Andrographis paniculata. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 2021 Oct;105(20):7683-7694

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PMID: 34568965

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