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    This study aimed to screen the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from kimchi, and investigate the glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) activity of the highest GABA-producing strain. Seven strains of LAB were screened from kimchi with GABA-producing activity. Strain Levilactobacillus brevis F109-MD3 showed the highest GABA-producing ability. It produced GABA at a concentration of 520 mmol l-1 with a 97.4% GABA conversion rate in MRS broth containing 10% monosodium glutamate for 72 h. The addition of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate had no significant effect on the GAD activity of L. brevis F109-MD3. The optimal pH range of GAD was 3.0-5.0 and the optimal temperature was 65°C. The D value of GAD at 50, 60 and 70°C was 7143, 971 and 124 min respectively and Z value was 11.36°C. Seven strains isolated from kimchi, especially F109-MD3, showed high GABA-production ability even in the high concentrations of MSG at 7.5% and 10%. The GAD activity showed an effective broad pH range and higher optimal temperature. These seven strains could be potentially useful for food-grade GABA production and the development of healthy foods. © 2021 Society for Applied Microbiology.


    Wenli Liu, Huamin Li, Long Liu, Kanghee Ko, Incheol Kim. Screening of gamma-aminobutyric acid-producing lactic acid bacteria and the characteristic of glutamate decarboxylase from Levilactobacillus brevis F109-MD3 isolated from kimchi. Journal of applied microbiology. 2022 Mar;132(3):1967-1977

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    PMID: 34570423

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