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Few studies have reported the roles of the complement system in concomitant idiopathic membranous nephropathy and IgA nephropathy (IMN-IgAN). Complement factor B (CFB) is a crucial factor that involved in the alternative complement pathway. We aimed to evaluate the association between disease activity (eGFR, anti-PLA2R antibody levels and 24 h urinary protein excretion), progression and serum CFB levels of IMN-IgAN patients. In total, 39 IMN-IgAN patients (median follow-up, 46.6 months), 99 IMN patients and 92 IgAN patients participated in this study. The disease progression event was defined as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or a 30% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The serum CFB concentration was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum CFB levels were lower in IMN-IgAN patients than in patients with IgAN only (P < .001). Serum CFB levels correlated positively with serum creatinine levels, anti-PLA2R antibody levels and 24 h urinary protein excretion (P < .05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that IMN-IgAN patients with high serum CFB levels had a significantly lower cumulative renal survival rate than patients with low levels (log-rank test, P = .009). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high baseline serum CFB levels were significantly associated with poor renal outcome in patients with IMN-IgAN (HR: 2.727, 95% CI 1.076-6.913, P = .034). High serum CFB levels correlated with increased serum creatinine, anti-PLA2R antibody and urinary protein excretion as well as poor renal prognosis in patients with IMN-IgAN, indicating that serum CFB may be a marker of disease activity and progression. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.


Feng Ping Ji, Lu Wen, Yan Ping Zhang, Er Peng Liu, Jian Guo Wen. Serum complement factor B is associated with disease activity and progression of idiopathic membranous nephropathy concomitant with IgA nephropathy. International urology and nephrology. 2022 Jun;54(6):1287-1294

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PMID: 34585312

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