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Variable selection and penalized regression models in high-dimension settings have become an increasingly important topic in many disciplines. For instance, omics data are generated in biomedical researches that may be associated with survival of patients and suggest insights into disease dynamics to identify patients with worse prognosis and to improve the therapy. Analysis of high-dimensional time-to-event data in the presence of competing risks requires special modeling techniques. So far, some attempts have been made to variable selection in low- and high-dimension competing risk setting using partial likelihood-based procedures. In this paper, a weighted likelihood-based penalized approach is extended for direct variable selection under the subdistribution hazards model for high-dimensional competing risk data. The proposed method which considers a larger class of semiparametric regression models for the subdistribution allows for taking into account time-varying effects and is of particular importance, because the proportional hazards assumption may not be valid in general, especially in the high-dimension setting. Also, this model relaxes from the constraint of the ability to simultaneously model multiple cumulative incidence functions using the Fine and Gray approach. The performance/effectiveness of several penalties including minimax concave penalty (MCP); adaptive LASSO and smoothly clipped absolute deviation (SCAD) as well as their L2 counterparts were investigated through simulation studies in terms of sensitivity/specificity. The results revealed that sensitivity of all penalties were comparable, but the MCP and MCP-L2 penalties outperformed the other methods in term of selecting less noninformative variables. The practical use of the model was investigated through the analysis of genomic competing risk data obtained from patients with bladder cancer and six genes of CDC20, NCF2, SMARCAD1, RTN4, ETFDH, and SON were identified using all the methods and were significantly correlated with the subdistribution. Copyright © 2021 Leili Tapak et al.

Citation

Leili Tapak, Michael R Kosorok, Majid Sadeghifar, Omid Hamidi, Saeid Afshar, Hassan Doosti. Regularized Weighted Nonparametric Likelihood Approach for High-Dimension Sparse Subdistribution Hazards Model for Competing Risk Data. Computational and mathematical methods in medicine. 2021;2021:5169052

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PMID: 34589136

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