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Dynamic actin filaments are required for the formation and internalization of endocytic vesicles. Yeast actin cables serve as a track for the translocation of endocytic vesicles to early endosomes, but the molecular mechanisms regulating the interaction between vesicles and the actin cables remain ambiguous. Previous studies have demonstrated that the yeast Eps15-like protein Pan1p plays an important role in this interaction, and that interaction is not completely lost even after deletion of the Pan1p actin-binding domain, suggesting that additional proteins mediate association of the vesicle with the actin cable. Other candidates for mediating the interaction are endocytic coat proteins Sla2p (yeast Hip1R) and Ent1p/2p (yeast epsins), as these proteins can bind to both the plasma membrane and the actin filament. Here, we investigated the degree of redundancy in the actin-binding activities of Pan1p, Sla2p, and Ent1p/2p involved in the internalization and transport of endocytic vesicles. Expression of the nonphosphorylatable form of Pan1p, Pan1-18TA, caused abnormal accumulation of both actin cables and endocytic vesicles, and this accumulation was additively suppressed by deletion of the actin-binding domains of both Pan1p and Ent1p. Interestingly, deletion of the actin-binding domains of Pan1p and Ent1p in cells lacking the ENT2 gene resulted in severely defective internalization of endocytic vesicles and recruitment of actin cables to the site of endocytosis. These results suggest that Pan1p and Ent1p/2p cooperatively regulate the interaction between the endocytic vesicle and the actin cable. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Nao Yoshida, Ippo Ogura, Makoto Nagano, Tadashi Ando, Junko Y Toshima, Jiro Toshima. Cooperative regulation of endocytic vesicle transport by yeast Eps15-like protein Pan1p and epsins. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2021 Nov;297(5):101254

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PMID: 34592316

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