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This study investigated whether pre-activated bone marrow cells with sodium nitro prusside have effectiveness in the inhibition of diabetic wound healing in diabetic rabbits. In diabetic skin disorders and conditions involved redox state disturbances. The aim was to determine the effect of two minimum dosages of sodium nitro prusside, and its' potential with bone marrow cells for chronic wound healing in-vivo. Full-thickness skin dorsal wounds were created on diabetic rabbits. The effects of two minimum concentrations of sodium nitro prusside solution with bone marrow cells on wound healing were studied. The useful combination of sodium nitro prusside with bone marrow cells on wound repair may be attributed to its functional influences on inflammation, angiogenesis, cell proliferation, matrix deposition, and remodeling. The in-vivo experiments confirmed that pre-activated bone marrow cells contributed to wound healing by alleviating oxidative stress, increasing proliferation and migration, decreasing apoptosis. In histological results, improved collagen deposition, enhanced re-epithelization, angiogenesis, and decreased inflammatory infiltration were also detected in wound biopsies. For the treatment of chronic wounds, cell-based therapy was an attractive approach. Bone marrow cells have a low ability to differentiate various types of cells or late healing without pretreatment. So it was needed to increase their potency of differentiation. The transplantation of pretreated bone marrow cells with a prime quantity of sodium nitro prusside solution improved chronic wound healing with a greater level of growth factors and a minimum level of oxidative stress. Thieme. All rights reserved.


Nazira Fatima, Muhammad Saleem, Umar Shahbaz. Improvement of Chronic Wound Healing by Pre-activated Bone Marrow Cells with Sodium Nitroprusside in Rabbits. Drug research. 2022 Mar;72(3):139-147

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PMID: 34592771

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