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We studied the contribution of von Willebrand factor (vWF) into blood cell adhesion to collagen-coated surfaces in whole blood of healthy volunteers. Adhesion of blood cells to collagen I was measured at shear rate of 2300 sec-1. The interaction of platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor with vWF was blocked with monoclonal anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibodies. The degree of cell adhesion was quantified by measuring the intensity of scattered light after 15-min perfusion: in samples with blocked GPIIb/IIIa it decreased to 0.39±0.13 V vs 0.06±0.03 V in control samples (p=0.002). Under a fluorescence microscope, intensively stained structures consisting of vWF, platelets, and leukocytes attached to the collagen surface were observed. After blockade of GPIIb/IIIa, these structures were absent. Leukocyte recruitment at high shear rates is a time-dependent process sensitive to complex interaction of vWF, leukocytes, and platelets, in which the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor is essential. © 2021. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Citation

Yu N Avtaeva, I S Mel'nikov, O S Saburova, K G Guriya, M C Osidak, C P Domogatsky, Z A Gabbasov. Complex Interaction of Platelets, von Willebrand Factor and Leukocytes, in Whole Blood at High Shear Rates Is Mediated by Platelet GPIIb/IIIa Receptor. Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine. 2021 Sep;171(5):588-591

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PMID: 34618262

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