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The molecular regulation of Sertoli cells and their crosstalk with germ cells has not been fully characterized. SUMO proteins are essential for normal development and are expressed in mouse and human Sertoli cells; However, the cell-specific role of sumoylation in those cells has only started to be elucidated. In other cell types, including granulosa cells, sumoylation is regulated by a SUMO ligase KAP1/Trim28. Deletion of KAP1 in Sertoli cells causes testicular degeneration; However, the role of KAP1 in those cells has not been identified. Here we show that both mouse and human Sertoli undergo apoptosis upon inhibition of sumoylation with a chemical inhibitor or via a siRNA technology. We have additionally detected changes in the Sertoli cell proteome upon the inhibition of sumoylation, and our data suggest that among others, the expression of ER/stress-related proteins is highly affected by this inhibition. Sumoylation may also regulate the NOTCH signaling which is important for the maintenance of the developing germ cells. Furthermore, we show that a siRNA-down-regulation of KAP1 in a Sertoli-derived cell line causes an almost complete inactivation of sumoylation. In conclusion, sumoylation regulates important survival and signaling pathways in Sertoli cells, and KAP1 can be a major regulator of sumoylation in these cells. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Amitabha Sengupta, Manveet Nanda, Shanza Baseer Tariq, Tania Kiesel, Kayla Perlmutter, Margarita Vigodner. Sumoylation and its regulation in testicular Sertoli cells. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2021 Nov 26;580:56-62

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PMID: 34624570

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