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The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of surgical correction of the thoracic deformity on the cardiorespiratory function of patients with moderate-severe Scheuermann's hyperkyphosis (SK). A series of 23 adolescents with SK who underwent surgery through an only posterior approach using all pedicle screw constructs were included in the study. Cardiorespiratory parameters were measured during a maximal exercise tolerance test before and 2 years after surgery. Heart rate, oxygen saturation (SatO2), maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max), ventilatory capacity at maximal exercise (VEmax), and energy costs were recorded. There were statistically significant differences in the forced vital capacity (FVC) (P < 0.05), total VO2max (ml/min) (P < 0.01), maximum expired volume (VEmax) per minute (P < 0.01) and cardiovascular efficiency (HR/VO2 ratio) (P < 0.05). None of these changes were clinically relevant. There were no changes in the VO2max per kg of body mass. The magnitude of the kyphosis correction did not correlate with the change in normalized VO2max or VEmax. In conclusion, patients with moderate-severe SK improve their baseline respiratory limitations and the tolerance to maximum exercise 2 years after surgery. However, the slight cardiorespiratory functional improvements should not necessarily be attributed to the surgery, and could also be caused solely by the residual growth of the lungs and thorax. Furthermore, respiratory functional changes are under thresholds considered as clinically relevant. © 2021. The Author(s).


Pablo Vera, Alejandro Lorente, Jesús Burgos, Pablo Palacios, Luis M Antón-Rodrigálvarez, Rocio Tamariz, Carlos Barrios, Rafael Lorente. Cardiorespiratory function of patients undergoing surgical correction of Scheuermann's hyperkyphosis. Scientific reports. 2021 Oct 11;11(1):20138

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PMID: 34635724

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