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Cardiac cachexia (CC) is an unfavorable metabolic syndrome leading to exacerbation of chronic heart failure (CHF) and a higher risk of death. The main factor contributing to the development of cachexia is the ongoing inflammatory process mediated by genes (e.g. Integrin Subunit Alpha M-ITGAM). The study aimed to assess the relationship between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -323G > A of the ITGAM and the occurrence of nutritional disorders in patients with CHF. 157 CHF patients underwent clinical and nutritional screening. Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Patients with cachexia were characterized by significantly lower weight, body mass index (BMI), lower fat mass (FM), albumin, and hemoglobin. Lower values of BIA parameters: capacitance of membrane (Cm), phase angle (PA), and impedance ratio (Z200/Z5) were noted in women. Those patients demonstrated significantly higher values of creatinine, c-reactive protein (CRP), N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP). A significantly higher risk of cachexia was reported in patients: aged ≥ 74 years (OR 3.55), with renal failure (OR 3.75), New York Heart Association classification (NYHA) III-IV (OR 2.83), with moderate or severe malnutrition according to the score of subjective global assessment (SGA) (OR 19.01) and AA genotype of ITGAM gene (OR 2.03). Determination of the -323G > A SNP in the ITGAM may prove to be a useful marker (after confirmation in further studies and appropriate validation) in the assessment of the risk of nutritional disorders in patients with CHF. © 2021. The Author(s).

Citation

Grzegorz Sobieszek, Radosław Mlak, Tomasz Powrózek, Marcin Mazurek, Aneta Skwarek-Dziekanowska, Piotr Terlecki, Teresa Małecka-Massalska. Polymorphism of the ITGAM gene (rs7193943) and bioelectric impedance analysis as potential predictors of cachexia in chronic heart failure. Scientific reports. 2021 Oct 11;11(1):20145

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PMID: 34635743

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