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    We studied the diffusion properties of lipophilic vitamin E (VE) through bicontinuous microemulsions (BME) using both electrochemical and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) measurements. We investigated the effect of different composition ratios of micro-water and micro-oil phases in BMEs (W/OBME). When we employed the BME with a lower W/OBME value of 40/60 (oil-rich BME) as an electrolyte solution, we obtained a larger current response from VE at a fluorinated nanocarbon film electrode. Further voltammetric studies revealed that a higher VE diffusion coefficient was observed in the oil-rich BME. The FCS results also exhibited faster diffusion through the oil-rich BME, which played a significant role in accelerating the VE diffusion probably due to the widening of the micro-oil phase pathway in the BME. Moreover, the effect of increasing the VE diffusion was pronounced at the interface between the electrode surface and the BME solution. These results indicate that controlling the conditions of the BME as the measurement electrolyte is very effective for achieving superior electrochemical measurements in a BME.


    Dai Kato, Johtaro Yamamoto, Yoshio Suzuki, Tomoyuki Kamata, Hinako Hashimoto, Masashi Kunitake. Lipophilic Vitamin E Diffusion through Bicontinuous Microemulsions. Analytical chemistry. 2021 Oct 26;93(42):14231-14237

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    PMID: 34644048

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