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Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CYVCV), a new member of the genus Mandarivirus in the family Alphaflexiviridae, is the causal agent of citrus yellow vein clearing disease. CYVCV is transmitted to citrus by Dialeurodes citri, grafting, and contaminated knife blades, threatening citrus production. In this study, four infectious full-length complementary DNA clones of CYVCV (namely AY112, AY132, AY212, and AY221) derived from CYVCV isolate AY were obtained through yeast homologous recombination and inoculated to 'Eureka' lemon (Citrus limon Burm. f.) by Agrobacterium-mediated vacuum infiltration. Pathogenicity analysis indicated that the clones AY212 and AY221 caused more severe symptoms than AY112 and AY132. Northern blot and quantitative reverse transcription PCR analyses showed that the titers of virulent clones (AY212 and AY221) were significantly higher than those of attenuated clones (AY112 and AY132) in the infected 'Eureka' lemon seedlings. Subsequent comparative studies of viral infectivity, accumulation, and symptoms induced by AY221 in nine citrus cultivars indicated that the infectivity of AY221 varied from 25 to 100% between cultivars; 'Oota' ponkan (C. reticulata L.) showed the lowest infection rate, with mild symptoms, which might be a useful resource for CYVCY-resistance genes; and CYVCV titer was positively associated with the symptom development in infected citrus seedlings. In general, this report revealed the biological properties of CYVCV, thus laying a foundation for further investigation of pathogenic mechanisms in this virus.


Yu Bin, Jianjian Xu, Yu Duan, Zhimin Ma, Qi Zhang, Chunqing Wang, Yue Su, Qiqi Jiang, Zhen Song, Changyong Zhou. The Titer of Citrus Yellow Vein Clearing Virus Is Positively Associated with the Severity of Symptoms in Infected Citrus Seedlings. Plant disease. 2022 Mar;106(3):828-834

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PMID: 34645307

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