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Proton pump inhibitors are widely used throughout the world for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders that are related to acid secretion, such as peptic ulcer disease and dyspepsia. Another common indication for proton pump inhibitors is stress ulcer prophylaxis. Proton pump inhibitors have proven efficacy for the treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal disorders, but there is concern that their use may be associated with the development of significant complications, such as fractures, Clostridium difficile infection, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, and hypomagnesemia. Proton pump inhibitors are overused in the hospital setting, both for stress ulcer prophylaxis and gastrointestinal bleeding, and then they are often inappropriately continued after discharge from the hospital. This narrative review article outlines the evidence surrounding appropriate proton pump inhibitor use for stress ulcer prophylaxis and peptic ulcer bleeding. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Karen Clarke, Nicole Adler, Deepak Agrawal, Dimpal Bhakta, Suchita Shah Sata, Sarguni Singh, Arjun Gupta, Amit Pahwa, Emily Pherson, Alexander Sun, Frank Volpicelli, Hyung J Cho. Indications for the Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors for Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis and Peptic Ulcer Bleeding in Hospitalized Patients. The American journal of medicine. 2022 Mar;135(3):313-317

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PMID: 34655535

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