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    The physiological mechanisms involved in cardio-respiratory responses to sleep apnea events are not yet fully elucidated. A model-based approach is proposed to analyse the acute desaturation response to obstructive apneas. An integrated model of cardio-respiratory interactions was proposed and parameters were identified, using an evolutionary algorithm, on a database composed of 107 obstructive apneas acquired from 10 patients (HYPNOS clinical study). Unsupervised clustering was applied to the identified parameters in order to characterize the phenotype of each response to obstructive apneas. A close match was observed between simulated oxygen saturation ( SaO2) and experimental SaO2 in all identifications (median RMSE = 1.3892 %). Two clusters of parameters, associated with different dynamics related to sleep apnea and periodic breathing were obtained. The proposed patient and event-specific model-based analysis provides understanding on specific desaturation patterns, consequent to apnea events, with potential applications for personalized diagnosis and treatment.


    Gustavo Guerrero, Virginie Le Rolle, Corinne Loiodice, Amel Amblard, Jean-Louis Pepin, Alfredo Hernandez. Modeling Patient-Specific Desaturation Patterns in Sleep Apnea. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering. 2022 Apr;69(4):1502-1511

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    PMID: 34665719

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