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    The subject of this study is the composition of low-molecular-weight metabolites in downy birch (Betula pubescens) buds and their participation in protection from various kinds of stress. Using the GC-MS, 640 compounds were detected, of which 314 were identified in downy birch buds for the first time. The volatile components detected using the SPME technique mainly consisted (about 70% of the total ionic current of the chromatogram, TIC) of mixtures of sesquiterpenoids. The exudate covering the buds, along with sesquiterpenoids (approximately 60% of TIC), included flavonoids (25% of TIC). The main part of the material extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide from buds comprised sesquiterpenoids and triterpenoids (47 and 28% of TIC, respectively). Via column chromatography, 25 known compounds (mainly flavonoids and triterpenoids) were isolated, most of which were first discovered in the buds of downy birch. Many compounds of these classes have strong biological activity and probably either directly or indirectly perform a protective function in birch buds. An assumption is made about the biological role of a number of secondary metabolites (such as volatile isomeric megastigmatriens and triterpene seco-acids) as well as about these compounds' possible means of biosynthesis, which were first discovered in the buds of downy birch. © 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.


    Valery A Isidorov, Jolanta Nazaruk, Marcin Stocki, Sławomir Bakier. Secondary metabolites of downy birch buds (Betula pubescens Erch.). Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences. 2022 Mar 28;77(3-4):145-155

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    PMID: 34668363

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