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VEGF-A induces vascular leakage and angiogenesis via activating the cell surface localized receptor VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). The amount of available VEGFR2 at the cell surface is however tightly regulated by trafficking of VEGFR2 by kinesin family 13 B (KIF13B), a plus-end kinesin motor, to the plasma membrane of endothelial cells (ECs). Competitive inhibition of interaction between VEGFR2 and KIF13B by a peptide kinesin-derived angiogenesis inhibitor (KAI) prevented pathological angiogenesis in models of cancer and eye disease associated with defective angiogenesis. Here, we show the protective effects of KAI in VEGF-A-induced vascular leakage and cancer metastasis. Using an EC-specific KIF13B knockout (Kif13b iECKO ) mouse model, we demonstrated the function of EC expressed KIF13B in mediating VEGF-A-induced vascular leakage, angiogenesis, tumor growth, and cancer metastasis. Thus, KIF13B-mediated trafficking of VEGFR2 to the endothelial surface has an essential role in pathological angiogenesis induced by VEGF-A, and is therefore a potential therapeutic target. © 2021 Waters et al.


Stephen B Waters, Joseph R Dominguez, Hyun-Dong Cho, Nicolene A Sarich, Asrar B Malik, Kaori H Yamada. KIF13B-mediated VEGFR2 trafficking is essential for vascular leakage and metastasis in vivo. Life science alliance. 2022 Jan;5(1)

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PMID: 34670814

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