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Litchi chinensis Sonn. is an important evergreen fruit crop cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions. The edible portion of litchi fruit is the aril, which contains a high concentration of sucrose, glucose, and fructose. In this study, we review various aspects of sugar transport, metabolism, and signaling during fruit development in litchi. We begin by detailing the sugar transport and accumulation during aril development, and the biosynthesis of quebrachitol as a transportable photosynthate is discussed. We then document sugar metabolism in litchi fruit. We focus on the links between sugar signaling and seed development as well as fruit abscission. Finally, we outline future directions for research on sugar metabolism and signaling to improve fruit yield and quality.


Shuying Fan, Dan Wang, Hanhan Xie, Huicong Wang, Yonghua Qin, Guibing Hu, Jietang Zhao. Sugar Transport, Metabolism and Signaling in Fruit Development of Litchi chinensis Sonn: A Review. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Oct 18;22(20)

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PMID: 34681891

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