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Hereditary spherocytosis (HS), a commonly encountered hereditary hemolytic disease, is mostly inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The clinical manifestations in patients with HS show obvious heterogeneity. Moreover, the sensitivity or specificity of some HS diagnostic tests are not ideal and may easily result in misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in some patients. The objective of this study was to propose a simple and practical diagnostic protocol, which can contribute to the diagnosis of HS and its differential diagnosis with different types of hemolytic anemia such as thalassemia (THAL), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, thus, to provide an alternative simple and reliable method for better clinical diagnosis of HS. Through combing our research with existing experimental technologies and studies, we propose a simple and practical protocol for HS diagnosis, which will help clinicians to improve HS diagnosis. Compared with the existing HS diagnostic protocols, the HS diagnostic protocol we proposed is simpler. In this new protocol, some experimental tests with ideal diagnostic efficiency are added, such as mean reticulocyte volume (MRV), mean sphered cell volume (MSCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), in combination with the observation of clinical manifestations, family investigation, routine tests for hemolytic anemia, genetic testing, and other screening tests. The HS diagnostic protocol we proposed could improve the clinical practice and efficiency of HS diagnosis. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Yangyang Wu, Lin Liao, Faquan Lin. The diagnostic protocol for hereditary spherocytosis-2021 update. Journal of clinical laboratory analysis. 2021 Dec;35(12):e24034

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PMID: 34689357

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