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    Europium is a lanthanide metal that is highly valued in optoelectronics. Even though europium is used in many commercial products, its toxicological profile has only been partially characterized, with most studies focusing on identifying lethal doses in different systems or bioaccumulation in vivo. This paper describes a genome-wide toxicogenomic study of europium in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which shares many biological functions with humans. By using a multidimensional approach and functional and network analyses, we have identified a group of genes and proteins associated with the yeast responses to ameliorate metal toxicity, which include metal discharge paths through vesicle-mediated transport, paths to regulate biologically relevant cations, and processes to reduce metal-induced stress. Furthermore, the analyses indicated that europium promotes yeast toxicity by disrupting the function of chaperones and cochaperones, which have metal-binding sites. Several of the genes and proteins highlighted in our study have human orthologues, suggesting they may participate in europium-induced toxicity in humans. By identifying the endogenous targets of europium as well as the already existing paths that can decrease its toxicity, we can determine specific genes and proteins that may help to develop future therapeutic strategies. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press.


    Roger M Pallares, Dahlia D An, Solène Hébert, David Faulkner, Alex Loguinov, Michael Proctor, Jonathan A Villalobos, Kathleen A Bjornstad, Chris J Rosen, Christopher Vulpe, Rebecca J Abergel. Multidimensional genome-wide screening in yeast provides mechanistic insights into europium toxicity. Metallomics : integrated biometal science. 2021 Dec 06;13(12)

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    PMID: 34694395

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