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    The lung is the major target organ of SARS-CoV-2 infection, which causes COVID-19. Here, we outline the multistep mechanisms of lung epithelial and endothelial injury induced by SARS-CoV-2: direct viral infection, chemokine/cytokine-mediated damage, and immune cell-mediated lung injury. Finally, we discuss the recent progress in terms of antiviral therapeutics as well as the development of anti-inflammatory or immunomodulatory therapeutic approaches. This review also provides a systematic overview of the models for studying SARS-CoV-2 infection and discusses how an understanding of mechanisms of lung injury will help identify potential targets for future drug development to mitigate lung injury.

    Citation

    Samsara Upadhya, Jalees Rehman, Asrar B Malik, Shuibing Chen. Mechanisms of Lung Injury Induced by SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Physiology (Bethesda, Md.). 2022 Mar 01;37(2):88-100

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    PMID: 34698589

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