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    Hydrogen is the most efficient and economical carrier gas for gas chromatography (GC). However, there are rare reports of artefact formation by hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds on GC. Head space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) GC conditions for hydrogenation were studied. HS-SPME-GC-mass spectrometry (MS) analyses of common classes of plant volatiles were carried out using hydrogen (H2 ) and helium (He) carrier gases with different SPME fibre coatings, GC inlet temperatures, and desorption times. Common phenylpropanoids, monoterpenes, and green leaf volatiles were hydrogenated to varying degrees on HS-SPME-GC with H2 carrier gas and SPME fibres coated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/Carboxen (CAR), PDMS/divinylbenzene (DVB), and PDMS/CAR/DVB. No artefacts were detected using PDMS-only coated fibres or He carrier gas. Unsaturated plant volatiles may be hydrogenated on HS-SPME-GC when using H2 carrier gas with SPME fibre coatings containing DVB polymer or CAR porous particles. Parallel analyses with He and H2 carrier gases are recommended when developing HS-SPME-GC methods for plant volatiles, or use of PDMS-only coated fibres. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


    Catherine E Sansom, Nigel B Perry. Analytical artefacts: H2 carrier gas hydrogenation of plant volatiles during headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography. Phytochemical analysis : PCA. 2022 Apr;33(3):386-391

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    PMID: 34708908

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