Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common mature B-cell neoplasm in the West. IGHV4-34 is one of the most frequently used genes in CLL patients, which usually display an indolent outcome. In this study, we explored the mutational profile of CLL patients expressing IGHV4-34 within different stereotypes and their association with prognostic factors and clinical outcome. A multi-institutional cohort of unselected 1444 CLL patients was analyzed by RT-PCR and bidirectional sequencing. Cytogenetics and molecular cytogenetics analyses were also performed. We identified 144 (10%) IGHV4-34 expressing cases, 119 mutated (M), 44 of them with stereotyped B-cell receptors. Subset #4 was the most frequent (56.8% of cases) followed by subsets #16 (13.6%), #29 (6.8%), and #201 (2.3%), with different distribution among countries. Analysis of somatic hypermutation profile showed significant differences among stereotyped subsets for G28>D/E, P45>S, E55>Q, and S64>I changes (p < 0.01) and high frequency of disruption of the glycosylation motif in the VH CDR2 region. All stereotyped IGHV4-34 cases showed normal karyotypes. Deletion 13q14 as a sole alteration was present in 42.8% of stereotyped cases with a different distribution among subsets. A shorter time to first treatment was found in non-stereotyped vs. stereotyped M-IGHV4-34 patients (p = 0.034). Our results add new information supporting the importance of recurrent amino acid changes at particular positions, contributing to refine the molecular characterization of South American CLL patients. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Carmen Stanganelli, Davi Coe Torres, Claudia Ortega, María Elena Márquez, Victoria Remedi, Juana Cabrera, Claudia Mardaraz, Camila Galvano, Andrea Krzywinski, Cecilia Lang, Lorena Zanella, Evangelina Agriello, Raimundo Bezares, Astrid Pavlovsky, Miguel A Pavlovsky, Pablo Oppezzo, Irma Slavutsky. Somatic hypermutation profiles in stereotyped IGHV4-34 receptors from South American chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients. Annals of hematology. 2022 Feb;101(2):341-348

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34713310

View Full Text