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    Drilling cuttings, the primary byproduct from the exploration and mining of shale gas, are potentially hazardous wastes that are associated with the serious depletion of land resources and environmental safety problems. In this work, the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in oil-based residues of shale gas drilling cuttings was studied. Furthermore, a column leaching test was carried out to investigate the leaching behaviour of PAHs. The results showed that (1) the concentrations of 4-ring PAHs were highest among the PAH concentrations detected from the oil-based residues, and the concentration of PAHs decreased with increasing particle size of the residues. (2) The PAH concentration in leachates from all the tested residues differed during the leaching process, and the cumulative amount of each leached PAH accounted for 1.50-3.20% of the total PAHs. (3) The first-order diffusion model (FRDM) was the most applicable model for describing the leaching characteristics of the PAHs, and the leaching rate was initially controlled by surface wash-off and then by diffusion. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Bingxin Xie, Jihong Qin, Hui Sun, Shu Wang, Xin Li. Release characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) leaching from oil-based drilling cuttings. Chemosphere. 2022 Mar;291(Pt 1):132711

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    PMID: 34715097

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