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While pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a key HIV prevention tool for adolescents and young adults (AYAs), its initiation and sustained use is shaped by AYAs' unique social contexts, including family. We explored the role of families in AYAs' PrEP use through qualitative in-depth interview (IDI) data from iPrevent, an end-user study designed to identify factors that could optimize PrEP adherence among South African youth (18-24 years old). These data were collected using a semi structured guide and were analysed using an inductive approach. Several themes describing family influence on AYAs' PrEP use emerged including family support; family attitude towards PrEP; and the family's ability to obviate PrEP disclosure challenges. In addition, dimensions of family closeness, categorized as 'close', 'in-between' and 'loose-knit,' appeared important in contextualizing family influence on AYAs' PrEP use. We found that family remains a proximal and fundamental social system in which AYA are socialized and greater family engagement could aid PrEP implementation in this priority population. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Millicent Atujuna, Elizabeth T Montgomery, Miriam Hartmann, Sheily Ndwayana, Erica N Browne, Siyaxolisa Sindelo, Linda-Gail Bekker, Alexandra M Minnis. The Role of Families in Adolescent and Young Adults' PrEP Use. AIDS and behavior. 2022 May;26(5):1618-1632

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PMID: 34716835

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