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    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) e antigen (HBeAg) was discovered in the sera of HBV patients nearly 50 years ago. It is not essential for HBV to infect or replicate in hepatocytes. Earlier clinical studies suggested that this antigen might play an important role for HBV to establish persistence in babies after its mother-to-child transmission. Subsequent clinical studies also suggested that HBeAg might have immunomodulatory activities. In recent years, a large body of information on how HBeAg might modulate host immunity was published. In this review, we summarize recent research progresses on the immunomodulatory activities of HBeAg and discuss how these activities of HBeAg may promote HBV persistence. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Kuen-Nan Tsai, Jing-Hsiung James Ou. Hepatitis B virus e antigen and viral persistence. Current opinion in virology. 2021 Dec;51:158-163

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    PMID: 34717215

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