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    Each year, the palm oil industry generates a significant amount of biomass residue and effluent waste; both have been identified as significant sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This issue poses a severe environmental challenge for the industry due to the possibility of long-term negative effects on human well-being. The palm-oil industry must invest significantly in the technology that is required to resolve these issues and to increase the industry's sustainability. However, current technologies for converting wastes such as lignocellulosic components and effluents into biochemical products are insufficient for optimal utilization. This review discusses the geographical availability of palm-oil biomass, its current utilization routes, and then recommends the development of technology for converting palm-oil biomass into value-added products through an integrated biorefinery strategy. Additionally, this review summarizes the palm oil industry's contribution to achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) through a circular bioeconomy concept. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Prihardi Kahar, Nova Rachmadona, Radityo Pangestu, Rendi Palar, Deddy Triyono Nugroho Adi, Ario Betha Juanssilfero, Yopi, Immanuel Manurung, Shinji Hama, Chiaki Ogino. An integrated biorefinery strategy for the utilization of palm-oil wastes. Bioresource technology. 2022 Jan;344(Pt B):126266

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    PMID: 34740797

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