Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency (ISOD) is a rare recessive and infantile lethal metabolic disorder, which is caused by functional loss of sulfite oxidase (SO) due to mutations of the SUOX gene. SO is a mitochondrially localized molybdenum cofactor (Moco)- and heme-dependent enzyme, which catalyzes the vital oxidation of toxic sulfite to sulfate. Accumulation of sulfite and sulfite-related metabolites such as S-sulfocysteine (SSC) are drivers of severe neurodegeneration leading to early childhood death in the majority of ISOD patients. Full functionality of SO is dependent on correct insertion of the heme cofactor and Moco, which is controlled by a highly orchestrated maturation process. This maturation involves the translation in the cytosol, import into the intermembrane space (IMS) of mitochondria, cleavage of the mitochondrial targeting sequence, and insertion of both cofactors. Moco insertion has proven as the crucial step in this maturation process, which enables the correct folding of the homodimer and traps SO in the IMS. Here, we report on a novel ISOD patient presented at 17 months of age carrying the homozygous mutation NM_001032386.2 (SUOX):c.1097G > A, which results in the expression of SO variant R366H. Our studies show that histidine substitution of Arg366, which is involved in coordination of the Moco-phosphate, causes a severe reduction in Moco insertion efficacy in vitro and in vivo. Expression of R366H in HEK SUOX-/- cells mimics the phenotype of patient's fibroblasts, representing a loss of SO expression and specific activity. Our studies disclose a general paradigm for a kinetic defect in Moco insertion into SO caused by residues involved in Moco coordination resulting in the case of R366H in an attenuated form of ISOD. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of SSIEM.


Alexander Tobias Kaczmarek, Daniel Bender, Titus Gehling, Joshua Benedict Kohl, Hülya-Sevcan Daimagüler, José Angel Santamaria-Araujo, Max Christoph Liebau, Anne Koy, Sebahattin Cirak, Guenter Schwarz. A defect in molybdenum cofactor binding causes an attenuated form of sulfite oxidase deficiency. Journal of inherited metabolic disease. 2022 Mar;45(2):169-182

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34741542

View Full Text